How Does Machine Learning Work Beginners Guide 2020

How Does Machine Learning Work

The mathematical foundations of ML are provided by mathematical optimization (mathematical programming) methods. Unsupervised machine learning is often used by researchers and data scientists to identify patterns within large, unlabeled data sets quickly and efficiently. In unsupervised machine learning, a program looks for patterns in unlabeled data.

The classification technique used by supervised machine learning models delivers discrete responses. For example, the model will simply inform if an email is a spam or genuine (you experience it in your email inbox). In classification techniques, the input data is classified into the defined categories.

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Many of the algorithms and techniques aren’t limited to just one of the primary ML types listed here. They’re often adapted to multiple types, depending on the problem to be solved and the data set. For instance, deep learning algorithms such as convolutional neural networks and recurrent neural networks are used in supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning tasks, based on the specific problem and availability of data.

How Does Machine Learning Work

The input layer receives data from the outside world which the neural network needs to analyze or learn about. Then this data passes through one or multiple hidden layers that transform the input into data that is valuable for the output layer. Finally, the output layer provides an output in the form of a response of the Artificial Neural Networks to input data provided. You might be good at sifting through a massive but organized spreadsheet and identifying a pattern, but thanks to machine learning and artificial intelligence, algorithms can examine much larger sets of data and understand patterns much more quickly. Thanks to cognitive technology like natural language processing, machine vision, and deep learning, machine learning is freeing up human workers to focus on tasks like product innovation and perfecting service quality and efficiency.

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One way to do this is to preprocess the data so that the bias is eliminated before the ML algorithm is trained on the data. Another way is to post-process the ML algorithm after it is trained on the data so that it satisfies an arbitrary fairness constant that can be decided beforehand. Now, “Harry” can refer to Harry Potter, Prince Harry of England, or any other popular Harry on Wikipedia! So Wikipedia groups the web pages that talk about the same ideas using the K Means Clustering Algorithm (since it is a popular algorithm for cluster analysis).

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